China NEVER had a border with India historically. India's border was mostly with Tibet and to some extent central Asian East Turkestan. What you see in Yellow here was 1949 China when Communists took over. They drove away socialists to Taiwan. Gobbled Tibet, Xinjiang & more.
There are 2 places in China called Heihe & Tengchong. If you draw an imaginary line connecting them, it roughly divides today's China into 2 halves. The Eastern half has 94% of China's population! That was historic China. Most of the Western half was acquired with land grab
This map shows how China claims territory in India. They claim Aksai Chin, parts of Ladakh, Shaksgam valley, parts of Uttarakhand and entire Arunachal Pradesh. Their approach is simple. They probe you with token land grab. If you blink, that's it. You will lose everything.
Communist China gobbling the Buddhist majority Tibet was the biggest tragedy of 20th century. Tibet was India's cultural, religious, historical neighbour for 1000+ years. More importantly, Tibet is the origin of nine major rivers of Asia. Communists took over water control
Where are the areas along India border that China might initiate a war? From West to East: DBO and Galwan Valley (this week) Pangong Lake Sindhu river's origin area Uttarakhand north of Kedarnath. Sikkim Bhutan junction. Tawang Siang valley Walong. Last 3 in Arunachal Pradesh
Why #IndiaChinaFaceOff now? Because China is worried that if India completes all 61 border roads by 2022, it won't be able to bully. India built the highest bridge in Ladakh. China pushing westward on Pangong lake (beyond finger 6), and encroaching Galwan for this only.
Under this by below 4 Pics
Note: This shows why UPA was completely useless. 73 road constructions were to begin in 2005 and end in 2012 and nothing happened. Rail plan made in 2010 and nothing happened.
What if there is a conventional war in Ladakh between India and China?
What if there is a conventional war in Ladakh between India and China? Indian army has advantages. Supply lines within 200-400 km. China has 1500- 2500 km supply line from *real* China. Indian air force has advantage. China can't operate fully loaded planes in Tibet.
see the below three pics